Our Materials

Black Walnut

Take a walk through the woods with us...

Beech is known as "Mother of the Forest" due to  its nutrient-rich organic attributes that give back to the soil. The wood is generally straight-grained with a close uniform texture. The sapwood can be white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. Its dense nature makes it a hard and durable material, resistance to abrasive wear. Its soft pliable bark was used for early forms of writing...if you've ever carved your name into a tree, it was most likely a Beech!

Like all fruit trees, Cherry comes from the Rose family. Its natural red colors can range from light to dark depending on the age of the tree. The wood has a fine straight grain with a satiny smooth texture that may contain natural brown pith flecks, adding to its unique beauty. It has a medium density which makes it a good lumber for woodworking. 


Quality materials are essential to the Red Barn philosophy. We use only solid wood boards and planks for all of our projects. Some of our favorite species and varieties are highlighted below. The natural hues of the wood grain patterns, knotting and unique "imperfections" result in beautiful, one of a kind pieces of furniture and art!


Of the Quercus family, meaning "fine tree" in Latin, many Oak varieties were key in America's industrial transformation from railroad ties to wheels and plows, along with furniture and floors. Coloring can be a light to dark brown. The wood is mostly straight-grained, with a coarse texture. Due to its very dense nature, it is slow to dry, which makes it very durable and tolerable  to wear. In addition Oak accepts a wide variety of beauty enhancing stains. 

Black Walnut table with Maple inlay and 
​matching benches


Custom Made. Quality Made. American Made.

Beech planks with Kona Coffee Stain
dining table



Maples are some of the most durable hardwoods. We primarily use Sugar and Red species. These woods have a close fine, uniform texture and are generally straight-grained, but can also contain "curly" or "birds-eye" patterns. Colors range from blonde to reddish hues. Of course Sugar Maples are also the source of Maple Syrup...it takes at least 30 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup!

Reclaimed Oak, Beech, Cherry & Black Walnut Butcherblock kitchen table

The finest North American lumber, Black Walnut has a dark rich mocha color which makes it a highly desirable material. The wood is generally straight-grained, but may produce wavy or curly patterns, furthering its demand. As a slow growing species this means a longer lifetime before a tree has the potential to be harvested. This also makes it a very dense and durable material. Strength and natural beauty...in a class by itself.


The only conifer or Evergreen of our materials, so its considered a "softwood". However, Spruce is a slow growing tree which gives it strength and durability. It has a straight grained  pattern with a fine to medium texture. The heartwood has a reddish brown hue, while the sapwood is yellowish white. This is actually the most common wood used in making acoustic guitars and violins called "tonewood" in those cases. 

Top Left: Maple, Cherry and Black Walnut boards displaying natural contrasting hues and grain patterns. 

Left: A Black Walnut grove on our family Farm. Planted in the '80s by Ben's Uncle Emory. Young Ben was his eager assistant.

Right: Ben's father Jim alongside a mature Poplar in our Northeastern Ohio woods consisting mainly of native Maple, Beech, Walnut, Cherry and Tulip Poplar.